Bystander Intervention

See. Say. Do

Every campus has a population of bystanders who support sexual violence. They may not mean to do so, yet by not intervening when they see something happening, not reporting actions, or dismissing certain behaviors, they are essentially sending a message to perpetrators that their actions are okay.

Active Bystander Intervention occurs when a person, other than the perpetrator(s) or victim(s), observes or witnesses prohibited conduct which involves acts of sexual violence or misconduct, and takes immediate and safe action to stop and/or prevent it.

The College District supports and encourages the lawful actions of any person, while acknowledging and ensuring the safety of oneself and other parties involved or even not involved, to promptly intervene and assist the victim in a potentially harmful situation.

If it is not safe to intervene, the bystander should immediately call 911 or NCTC Campus Safety Department, (940) 668-4270.


Know what to look for when witnessing a situation that may involve sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, or sexual violence and always be vigilant.

Sexual harassment is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, when:

  • Submission to such conduct is made either implicitly or explicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment or status in a course, program or activity
  • Submission or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment or educational decision affecting such individual
  • When such conduct has the purpose or effect of interfering with he individual's work or educational performance, of creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working and/or learning environment, or of interfering with one's ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program or activity


  • Pressure for sexual activity
  • Requests for sexual favors
  • Unwelcome patting, hugging, or touching of a person's body, hair, or clothing
  • Sexual innuendos, jokes, or comments
  • Disparaging remarks to a person about his or her gender or body
  • Displaying or transmitting sexually suggestive electronic content, including emails and texts
  • Giving unwelcome personal gifts
  • Sexual assault


The bystander should also report the incident to the Title IX Coordinator as soon as possible for an immediate review or investigation of the incident. If the bystander is an employee, he or she is required to report the incident to the Title IX Coordinator.

If you are assaulted, the incident involves sexual assault or rape, you are encouraged to immediately contact the NCTC Campus Safety Department, (940) 668-4270, and/or go to the Emergency Room of the nearest hospital and ask to be seen by the SANE nurse - a health care professional who specializes in examining sexual assault victims.

If you experience, observe, or hear about or believe someone has been sexually harassed in any way, you should make a report of the facts of the incident(s) by contacting the Office of Title IX and Equity, (940) 668-4204 or email

The following strategies may be used to be an active bystander against sexual misconduct and violence.


Proactive Bystander Strategies

In order to be a proactive bystander who helps prevent cases of sexual harassment, misconduct, or violence, you can:

  • Believe violence is unacceptable and say it out loud
  • Treat people with respect
  • Speak up when you hear people making statements that blame victims
  • Talk with friends about confronting violence against anyone
  • Encourage friends to trust their instincts
  • Be a knowledgeable resource for victims
  • Don't laugh at sexist jokes or comments
  • Look out for friends at parties and bars
  • Educate yourself and your friends
  • Use campus resources
  • Attend an awareness event
  • Empower victims to tell their stories

Reactive Bystander Strategies

In order to be a reactive bystander who positively intervenes in instances of sexual harassment or sexual violence, you can:

  • Get campus police or other authorities involved
  • Tell someone else
  • Get help
  • Ask a friend in a potentially dangerous situation if they want to leave
  • Make sure they get home safely
  • Ask a victim if they are okay
  • Provide options and a listening ear
  • Call the campus or local counseling/crisis center for support and options

The college will not tolerate sexual harassment of its students or employees and will investigate all allegations of harassment. Where sexual harassment is found, steps will be taken to end it immediately.

If you are uncertain if an experience is sexual harassment, understand that students who, in good faith, report what they believe is sexual harassment or who cooperate in any investigation will not be subjected to retaliation. Any student who believes he or she has been a victim of retaliation for reporting sexual harassment or cooperating in an investigation should immediately contact the Title IX Coordinator.

If you want to report something, but have broken a rule under NCTC's Student Code of Conduct and fear you may be charged with policy violations, know that the college encourages the reporting of all harassment and assault whenever it occurs and where possible will offer victims of harassment limited immunity from violation charges related to the particular incident.